Urgent Action

Demands from Myanmar Women Human Rights Defenders

Demands of Myanmar WHRDs

First, humanitarian assistance and emergency aid must be provided immediately in order to avert the crisis from spiraling out of control. The international community, including Thai and Indian authorities, must provide humanitarian assistance to refugees and IDPs who are in immediate need of support. Those seeking shelter and safety should be treated without discrimination.

Second, the international community must use all means to bring about an immediate end to the military’s violent campaigns and serious violations of the fundamental human rights and freedoms of the Myanmar people. This includes exerting political and economic pressure on the military to cease all violence, release all detainees, and lift telecommunications and social media restrictions. In particular, it is imperative to pressure the military to immediately stop all the assaults and abusive tactics against women protestors and release all women detainees.

Specifically, we request the international community to take effective action immediately to protect civilians from the terrors of the military, including:
  1. Calling for the immediate and unconditional cessation of military violence and the release of all arbitrarily detained protesters and political prisoners and end culture of impunity; 
  2. Calling for the cessation of military offensives and airstrikes, the removal of troops and the demilitarization of all areas, including ethnic areas;
  3.  Instituting a comprehensive global arms embargo, with robust monitoring and enforcement mechanisms, to end the direct and indirect supply, sale, or transfer of all weapons and other equipment that may be used for training, intelligence and military assistance;
  4.  Imposing targeted sanctions against the extended leadership of the military, including family members and military conglomerates, in order to inflict a direct blow to their economic interests and opportunities;
  5. Not to give diplomatic recognition to the illegitimate coup regime and Not to sell arms to the regime, and to end any defense cooperation;
  6. To recognize the National Unity Government as the government representing the will of the Myanmar people;
  7. To immediately take effective action to protect and end conflict related sexual violence and sexual violence in conflict.
  8. Take action in accordance with its 28 April 2006 resolution 1674, “On protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict” and its 31 October 2000 resolution 1325, “On Women, Peace and Security.”
  9. Facilitating immediate humanitarian assistance, including cross-border aid to internally displaced people in ethnic areas;
  10. Establish a panel of experts that consists of the Special Rapporteur on HRDs, Special Rapporteur on violence against women, Secretary General’s Special Representative on sexual violence in conflict and experts of the CEDAW Committee to regularly monitor and report on the situation of women in Burma with a special focus on:
  • human rights violations committed by the Myanmar military against women and girls and WHRDs following the 1 February coup attempt
  • making recommendations to the international community and other UN agencies and bodies on measures required to ensure safety of women in Myanmar
  • monitoring and reporting on the implementation of the report of the UN Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on sexual and gender-based violence in Myanmar
  • urgently dispatching a team of experts to Myanmar to monitor the situations of concern in terms of sexual violence, to work with women organizations in Myanmar on strengthening justice and accountability.
  • implementing the UN Security Council resolution 1325 on women and peace and security

11.   Special Rapporteur on HRDs, with the support of other relevant mandate holders, in particular the UN Special Rapporteur on violence against women, to enhance monitoring and reporting, in regular reporting to the Council and the General Assembly and through public statements, on the specific threats and risks against women human rights defenders and women in general in Myanmar;

12. Special Rapporteur on HRDs and Special Rapporteur on violence against women to support the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar to monitor and report on the threats against WHRDs and women and girls as a result of the coup (The HRC resolution of March 2021 mandates the SR on Myanmar to seek support of other relevant mandate holders in his reporting to the Council).

13. Referring Myanmar to the International Criminal Court (ICC) or another international tribunal to hold the military regime to account for the atrocious crimes and violations of international law that it has committed and  is continuing to commit.